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1501 Huguenot Road
Midlothian, VA 23113

804-423-7021

 

Bible Study

Jonah – Dead or Alive? – The Sign of Resurrection

When I was a Child going to church on Sundays the prevailing thought was that Jonah was alive in the fish for three days before he was spit out onto the land. After further study and reading commentaries on the subject by Bible scholars a lot smarter than me, it has become clear to me that Jonah was dead in the fish. The logic is did Yeshua die and was He resurrected on the third day? If Jonah is a sign of the resurrection as Yeshua stated he was then it stands to reason that Jonah was dead in the fish and was resurrected on the third day – the sign of resurrection. Matthew 12: 38-42 Furthermore, Jonah cries out from the belly of Sheol which is the place where those who died went prior to the death and resurrection of the Yeshua the Messiah.  Old Testament Saints resided in the part of Sheol known as “Paradise” or “Abraham’s Bosom”.  

The OT Saints would not go to heaven at this point because Yeshua the Messiah had not made the sacrifice for sin yet. When Yeshua was speaking to the criminal that believed Him to be the Messiah when they were hanging on the crosses He told the man that he would be with Jesus in Paradise that day. Luke 23: 43 Yeshua would need to apply His blood to the altar in the Holy of Holies in Heaven before any of the Saints could enter into the presence of God.    

The Three Signs of Jonah

Jonah was a prophet of the Lord and there’s an account of him acting in his capacity as a prophet in 2nd Kings 14:25. Yeshua also identifies him as a prophet. After the National Rejection or Unpardonable Sin of Matthew 12: 22-32 Yeshua declared the Jews would only be given the sign of Jonah after their rejection of Yeshua the Messiah. 

When Yeshua received word of His friend, Lazarus’ illness, although He was one day’s journey away from where Lazarus and Mary and Martha lived, Yeshua waited until He knew Lazarus was dead before He went to see Mary and Martha. John 11: 1-46  The four days is significant because the mindset of the time was that a person’s spirit remained with their body for three days after they died and there was a possibility that they could be restored. Lazarus was dead for four days when Yeshua arrived and raised him from the dead. This meant that there was no question whether Lazarus was dead or alive at the time of his resurrection. A result of the resurrection of Lazarus is similar to that of Jonah entering the city of Nineveh in that the Biblical account says that many believed.   

  1. Matthew 12: 38-42 The first sign was the death and resurrection of Lazarus John 11: 1-46,
  2. The second sign would be the death and resurrection of the Messiah Luke 23:26 – Luke 24:12
  3. The third sign will be the death and resurrection after 3 1/2 days of the two witnesses in Revelation 11: 3-13 that will lead to the National Repentance of the Remnant of Israel. Hosea 6: 1-2 speaks of this resurrection of Israel on the third day.  Zechariah 4: 3-14 identifies who the two witnesses of Revelation are.   

Why is the National Repentance of Israel important?  

Romans 11: 26-27 – And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written THERE SHALL COME OUT OF ZION THE DELIVERER, AND SHALL TURN AWAY UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB. FOR THIS IS MY COVENANT UNTO THEM, WHEN I SHALL TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS. Isaiah 59: 20-21; Isaiah 27:9

Often we recall the words of Yeshua in Luke 13:34 “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who have been sent to her!  How often I wanted to gather your children together, just as a hen gathers her young under her wings and you were unwilling!”  But we overlook the importance of the next verse: 35 “Behold, your house is left to you desolate; and I say to you, you will not see Me until you say, “BLESSED IS THE ONE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF THE LORD:”” 

Resources for Bible Study

Through the Bible www.ttb.org offers a 5-year study of the whole Bible and is available to listen to, or you can request study materials from the website.

Ariel Ministries www.ariel.org offers “Yeshua The Life of the Messiah from a Messianic Jewish Perspective”, by, Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, TH.M,PH.D which is a great resource for an in-depth study of the Harmony of the Gospels.  Dr. Fruchtenbaum has spent the better part of his ministry publishing line-by-line studies of the books of the Bible from a Messianic Jewish perspective.

Notes:

  • Choose a literal translation, not a paraphrase for study. Some reliable translations are King James Version, New King James Version or New American Standard Bible.  Some examples of paraphrases are New Internation version, the Message and the Passion.
  • Ryrie Study Bible, NASB offers commentary, historical information and cross-references to enhance your personal study. Different versions of the Bible are available at BibleGateway.com where you can compare passages in different versions online.